Cannabis Glossary

 
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510 Threading

The threading size for most cannabis oil vaporizing cartridges and batteries available today. Because of its widespread popularity, batteries for cartridges with a 510 threading can be found at most cannabis retailers and smoke shops.

Aroma

The combination of distinctive, typically pleasant smells associated with cannabis flowers (and, generally speaking, all flowers).

BHO

Short for “Butane Hash Oil,” BHO is a type of cannabis concentrate made by dissolving marijuana in butane. This potent and sticky oil is also referred to as honey oil, dabs, ear wax, or shatter, depending on the product’s consistency.

Blunt

Traditionally a hollowed out cigar filled with marijuana, blunts come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Hashtag carries a wide variety of hemp-wrapped blunts, as well as hemp wraps so you can roll your own!

Bud

A common term referring to cannabis flowers.

Budtender

A friendly and knowledgeable customer service professional that can help you find the marijuana products you’re looking for--just like the ones you’ll meet at Hashtag!

C-Cell Cartridge

A common name for ceramic coil vaporizing cartridges. Unlike most cotton-poly wick carts, C-Cell cartridges are reliable, durable, and compatible with both 510 batteries and magnetic batteries.

Cannabinoids

Naturally occurring and chemically unique molecules that are found in cannabis plants. To date, there are dozens of known varieties of cannabinoids, the most famous of which is THC 9(Tetrahydrocannabinol - Delta 9).

Cannabis

Cannabis, also known as marijuana, pot, weed, ganja, reefer, devil’s lettuce, and jazz cabbage, is a plant. When smoked, eaten, or vaporized, cannabis and cannabis-based products can produce a wide variety of therapeutic and psychoactive effects.

CBD, or Cannabidiol

Short for cannabidiol, CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid that can produce floating, “glowing” sensations throughout the body. Recent research suggests that CBD can reduce inflammation counteract some of the negative effects of a THC high (particularly anxiety).

Cross (Genetics)

Short for cross-pollination, cannabis plants can be bred or “crossed” to produce new varieties (just like apples or any other plant).

Clone

A cannabis clone is a genetic copy of another cannabis plant. Like most plants, clones can be created by removing a cutting of the original (or “mother” plant) and cultivating that cutting like you would a cannabis plant which had freshly sprouted from seed.

Concentrates

Concentrates include all types of cannabis products that are produced by concentrating the cannabinoids from a cannabis plant and eliminating the waxy fats and lipids from the plant, in part or completely. Some of the concentrates you’ll find at Hashtag include: whole-plant extract, CO2 oil, distillate oil, BHO, wax, shatter, hash, and kief!

CO2 Extraction

When flower is pushed through a CO2 extraction machine, the cannabinoids are separated from the fatty lipids and waxy material of the cannabis plant, producing a sticky, potent concentrate known commonly as oil. Some CO2 extraction methods can separate the flavor and aromatic molecules from the plant during this process. Other methods include the removal of these flavor & aromatic molecules before extraction begins so they can be reinfused into the oil after it is extracted.

Cure

Cannabis plants, like all plants, contain sugars and starches (so the plant can store energy for later use). Locking cannabis flower in an airtight container for weeks or months allows for these sugars and starches to break down. The result? The flower is much smoother when smoked!

Dabs

A common slang term for cannabis concentrate, dabs include any cannabis concentrate that is consumed by inhalation (usually by using a dab rig or dab pen to flash-vaporize the concentrate).

Edibles

Cookies, brownies, sodas, crackers, you name it! Edibles, also known as medibles, are any food-based product infused with marijuana.

Flowering Time

Flowering time refers to the amount of time a particular type of cannabis plant requires to produce fully matured and resinous flowers. Flowering times can range from 6 weeks to 16 weeks, depending on the cannabis plant’s genetic makeup.

Flower

The female sex organ of the cannabis plant. Cannabis flowers, in particular, come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, ranging from small and dense to large and fluffy. The most potent cannabis flowers are sticky to the touch, due to the high concentration of resin on the flower. The resin is not only useful for the cannabis plant in pollination but also contains the full spectrum of cannabinoids produced by cannabis plants.

Ganja

A common term for marijuana derived from Hindi, ganja also refers to premium cannabis flowers cultivated for the purpose of smoking. Hooray!

Hash

Hash, short for hashish, is a form of cannabis concentrate produced by applying heat and pressure to mature cannabis flowers. Although the origin of hashish is unknown, the first accounts of hash production included squeezing cannabis flowers by hand to collect its resin and then rolling it in one’s hands into a ball (simultaneously activating the THC in the process). Today, hash is typically smoked in a pipe or mixed in with flower in a joint or bong.

Heirloom

Heirloom cannabis refers to the rare and exotic types of cannabis genetics, typically guarded closely by their grower. Not only are heirloom cannabis strains rare, but they can also produce unique cannabinoid and flavor profiles (as well as effects).

Hemp

Hemp is a member of the cannabis family of plants. But unlike the cannabis we smoke or eat, hemp can be cultivated in large quantities for industrial purposes. Hemp has been used throughout history in the production of paper, rope, textiles, and more. Today, hemp is being cultivated for its high CBD content as a low-cost alternative to cannabis-derived CBD. However, research suggests that mass-produced hemp grown in industrialized areas can produce lower quality CBD than cannabis-derived CBD, and hemp-derived CBD may possibly contain unwanted pesticides/heavy metals found in the soil.

Hybrid

When a grower breeds two genetically distinct strains of cannabis together, the result is a hybrid strain. Hybridization can produce not only healthier, more robust plants but unique flavors, aromas and effects as well.

Hydroponics

Hydroponics refers to any growing practice where water is used as the medium for plant growth. Although energy intensive, growing hydroponically allows growers to fine-tune their plants’ nutrient intake on a large scale and is an efficient way to grow cannabis while conserving water.

Indica

Short for Cannabis indica, indica plants have a short and shrub-like appearance. Indica plants originated in mountainous Asian regions, growing naturally between 30-50° latitude. Indica leaves are typically short, thick, and 7-pointed. Generally speaking, consuming indica flower or concentrate can produce a relaxing, body-focused experience.

Joint

When cannabis flower is ground and rolled up in a smoking paper (typically made of rice or hemp), a joint is born! Joints are easy to use, lightweight and a convenient way to get high.

Kief

Kief, a form of cannabis concentrate, consists principally of the microscopic trichome heads present on all cannabis flowers. In fact, if you use a four-piece grinder to grind your flower, you’re naturally collecting kief on the bottom layer of your grinder! Typically, kief is mixed in with cannabis flower and smoked. The result? You get super high!

Kush

Referring to the Kush region of India, kush describes not only to a line of cannabis genetics (e.g., OG Kush or Hindu Kush), but also the flavor associated with these varietals (imagine a combination of pine, citrus, and freshly cut grass).

Landrace

Landrace marijuana strains (now largely extinct) refer to the genetically unique, ancient types of marijuana found originally in their naturally growing regions, including Thailand, India, Hawaii and Africa. Like heirloom camarijuanannabis, landrace marijuana strains are known for their quintessential flavors, aromas, and effects  that are generally used to describe different marijuana types like sativa and indica.

Live Resin

Widely regarded as the freshest form of cannabis concentrate, live resin is produced by flash-freezing freshly cut, uncured cannabis plants to extremely low temperatures to ensure that the most volatile aromas and flavors are preserved. After flash-freezing, the cannabinoids and terpenes of the frozen cannabis plants are extracted by the use of solvents, resulting in an extremely flavorful and potent concentrate that can be vaporized or dabbed.

Marijuana

A common term for cannabis derived from Spanish, marijuana refers to the dried flowers of female cannabis plants.

OG

Short for “ocean-grown” or “original gangster”, the term was first applied by the Cypress Hill Gang to cannabis in reference to L.A. Kush, a particularly popular strain which was available in Los Angeles during the 1990s.

Pesticides

Pesticides include both synthetic and natural pest deterrents and are commonly used in plant cultivation. Because some pesticides can produce harmful effects when consumed, the state of Washington has approved only a small number of pesticides for use on cannabis plants. So when you buy cannabis from a state licensed shop, rest assured that the pesticides used on the cannabis you buy have been researched & approved for human consumption.

Phenotype

A phenotype is the set of observable characteristics of a plant or animal resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment. In reference to cannabis, we see different phenotypes of the same genetic strain, where certain traits of that strain are encouraged, as produced by specific growing conditions. In this way, a grower can encourage a strain like Dutch Treat to produce a more indica effect, or a more sativa effect, by cultivating different growing conditions.

Pinene

A terpene found in pine needles, conifers and sage. Known to increase alertness and dilate blood vessels, pinene is renown for its sharp, sweet, and piney aroma.

Pistil

Pistils are the red, hair-like projections that emanate from cannabis flowers. Generally speaking, pistils come in all shapes and sizes and serve as the female reproductive organ in the plant world.

Pot

A slang term for cannabis. Some evidence suggests that “pot” as a term for cannabis may be derived from a traditional Mexican beverage made from cannabis steeped in wine, called potación de guayaya.

Pre-roll

Pre-rolls are ground cannabis flower wrapped in paper and rolled into a cone. Also known as joints, they’re perfect for folks on the go or in a rush!

Ruderalis

One of the three major morphologies of cannabis, Cannabis ruderalis plants are small and wildflower-like in appearance and have small, 5-pointed leaves. Evidence suggests that ruderalis plants originated in Asia and Eastern Europe. Ruderalis plants are auto-flowering and are generally low in THC potency.

Rosin

Rosin is a translucent, sappy form of cannabis concentrate. Like hash, rosin is produced when heat and pressure are applied to cannabis flower. Unlike hash, a large amount of heat and pressure is required to produce exceptional rosin. Typically, two metal plates and a pneumatic press are used to squeeze ground cannabis flower, forcing the rosin on the plant to seep out. The result? You get a sticky, tasty, solvent-free cannabis concentrate!

Sativa

One of the three major morphologies of cannabis, Cannabis sativa plants are tall and tree-like in appearance. Originating in tropical regions, sativa plants grow between 0-30° latitude and are easily recognizable by their thin, sinewy, 7-pointed leaves.

Sinsemilla

A common term for cannabis flower which, when translated from Spanish, literally means “without seeds.”

Shatter

A popular form of BHO concentrate, shatter is made by dissolving marijuana in butane. Once the extraction is complete, the concentrate is left to sit and cool on a flat, even surface. The resulting texture is sticky, brittle, and glass-like in texture.

Solvent

A solvent is any chemical used to dissolve a solid, liquid, or gas into a solution. In cannabis, a wide variety of solutions can be used to produce concentrates of varying potencies, terpene profiles, and textures. Some of the most popular solvents include butane, alcohol, and dry ice (or liquid CO2).

Spliff

Known historically as a “marijuana cigarette,” spliffs are popular throughout much of Europe and Africa and often include a one-to-one ratio of ground cannabis and tobacco.

Strain

Known by botanists as a cultivar, a strain refers to any genetically unique form of cannabis. Like apples, cannabis strains can be cultivated by growers through selective breeding techniques to bring out the most desirable qualities of a strain, be it flavor, effects, or cannabinoid content.

Suppository

A suppository is a solid object, typically conical or cylindrical in shape, that’s designed to be inserted into the rectum or vagina to dissolve. The cannabis infused suppositories we carry are designed to maximize cannabis’ muscle-relaxing and discomfort-relieving effects while bypassing the body’s digestive system.

THC

THC (short for tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) is a molecule produced naturally by cannabis plants and is the principal intoxicating property of cannabis.

Tinctures

Tinctures are the oldest and most popular form of cannabis concentrate. Produced by dissolving dried cannabis flowers in ethanol, tinctures can be ingested orally for slower, longer-term effects or sublingually for fast-acting effects.  Tinctures may be suspended in a base of alcohol, also known as “green dragon,” a base of oil, or a base of water-soluble glycerine.

Topicals

Topicals include all cannabis-infused gels, lotions, and balms. When placed externally on the skin, they are absorbed through the skin over time. Although many topicals contain THC, their effects are almost always non-intoxicating when applied to the external skin, making them an ideal product for people looking to address localized discomfort without feeling a heavily altered state.

Terpenes

The aromatic and flavor-bearing molecules of cannabis (and all plants, for that matter). To date, hundreds of cannabis terpenes have been discovered, and some research suggests that, in concert with cannabinoids like THC and CBD, terpenes can have a significant effect on the quality of a cannabis user’s high.

Trichomes

Trichomes are fine, hair-like appendages found commonly on plants, including algae, lichens, and cannabis. Although trichomes are incredibly small, they contain much of the cannabinoid and terpene content you’ll find in cannabis flower.

Trim

As the name suggests, trim refers to the leafy plant matter, like sugar leaves, that is traditionally trimmed from cannabis flower before the drying & curing process begins. Trim is commonly used in cannabis cooking and joint rolling.

Vape Cartridge

A discreet and portable way to enjoy cannabis concentrates. Due to its ease of use and faint aroma, vape cartridges have become wildly popular in the last few years and are the preferred form of consumption for many apartment-dwelling, professional cannabis enthusiasts!

Wax

A popular form of cannabis concentrate, wax gets its name from its creamy, opaque, “ear wax” appearance. This form of concentrate is produced like shatter. However, instead of being left to cool on an even, dry surface, wax is whipped up to incorporate air bubbles into the final product. The result? Wax is one of the most malleable and easy-to-use cannabis concentrates around.  

Weed

A common slang term for cannabis, possibly related to the plant’s eagerness to grow (even in places it shouldn’t!).